Skip to content


Science & Salamanders: On Revitalization in Nature

Eleanor Konik
Written by Eleanor Konik

I write stories & articles inspired by all eras of history & science... so I wind up putting notetaking software like Obsidian & Readwise thru their paces.

2 min read.
Photo of octopus by Diane Picchiottino of Unsplash
I've been doing a bunch of research so I can develop Surzi, the functionally immortal maneater featured in Petrichor and Shattered. I've been building out the lore behind Surzi's species and along the way I've learned a lot of interesting stuff about real-world animals.

Quick Facts

Endless Arms

Some scholars think that octopuses (octopodes? octopi?) are the source of hydra myths. Imagine an octopus or a squid, then flip it on its side. Now imagine the big bulbous head is actually its body. Now imagine its arms — which can regenerate — are actually long necks. Compare that mental image to this visual. Pretty wild, huh?

Complex Cells

Though salamanders are significantly larger and more complex than worms, they can also regenerate almost anything — including their spinal cords and eyes. The axolotl has the largest genome ever fully sequenced, and has about ten times the base pairs of human DNA. Scientists are still trying to figure out how they make the cells near the site of an injury revert to stem cells and help us live forever.

Eating Liver

The Prometheus myth, in which a god is has his liver eaten every day as punishment for giving the gift of fire to humans, is a popular myth involving regeneration. It's probably just a coincidence, though: the ancient Greeks who told stories about Prometheus almost certainly didn't know about the liver's regenerative powers. Here's a really detailed explanation of how we know that.

Hollow Tails

When certain species of lizard are threatened, they can drop their tails to evade predators, then grow a new one over a few weeks or months. In most cases, the new tail is supported by cartilage, instead of bones and nerves. Scientists figured out how to implant gene-edited neural stem cells into adult lizards to get them to regrow "perfect" new tails.

📗 ICYMI: If you found this interesting, you may also enjoy my investigation into whether it would work for a fantasy culture to herd giant vegetarian spiders for their silk.  

💚 If you learned something from this overview, consider forwarding it to a friend and encouraging them to sign up for more research deep dives into obscure history and science.

🧳 I'm headed to The 79th World Science Fiction Convention in Washington D.C. this week, so if you're planning to be there (or happen to live near Dupont Circle), let me know if you want to say hi in person!

Note: There are a couple of affiliate links & codes scattered around, but these always come from links I was already recommending and usually I share them because they benefit you too (i.e. getting you extra time on trials).

Check out one of these related posts
Members Public
🎓 Recordkeeping

Cloth records, syllabic scripts, and bone calendars.

🎓 Recordkeeping
Members Public
🎓 Feces

Antiseptic poop, agricultural poop, & the surprising value of eating poop.

🎓 Feces
Members Public
🎓 Cleaning

Quick facts about historical cleaning methods from around the world, from lotus leaves to bronze knives.

a small group cleaning out a midden pit via MidJourney AI